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3. Cement and Concrete Characterization | NIST

This chapter discusses cement and concrete characterization. It covers both microscopy of various kinds (scanning electron and optical) and x-ray diffraction analysis. Images of cement and concrete microstructure are important in their own right, for analysis and characterization. They are also important as a basic input for modelling the microstructure, and as a check as to how well that ...

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Leaching Characteristics of Geopolymer Cement .

Leaching Characteristics of Geopolymer Cement Concrete Containing Recycled Concrete Aggregates Article in Journal of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste 20(3):04016002 · .

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Cement: Characteristics, Properties, .

Following are the characteristics of cement: (i) The colour of cement should be uniformly grey with greenish shade. It gives an indication of excess of lime or clay and the degree of burning. ADVERTISEMENTS: (ii) It should feel smooth when touched or rubbed in between fingers. (iii) If hand is inserted in a bag of cement or in a heap of cement, it should feel cool and not warm. (iv) It should ...

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Investigations on Some Properties of no-Fines Concrete

cement content, lower thermal conductivity (k=0.7 W/mK for no-fines concrete in comparison to k=2.0 W/mK for dense concrete), relatively low drying shrinkage (one half of that of dense concrete), no segregation and capillary movement of water, better insulating characteristics than conventional concrete

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Characteristics of steel slags and their use in .

They are found to be useful in many fields, such as road construction, asphalt concrete, agricultural fertilizer, and soil improvement. However, better utilization for value-added purposes in cement and concrete products can be achieved. In this paper, an overview of the recent achievements and challenges of using steel slags (BOF, EAF and LF slag) as cement replacement (usually ground into ...

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Mechanical and Electrical Characteristics of .

The layer of epoxy resin makes the chopped carbon fibers to easily slip out from a cement matrix. 4. Electrical Characteristics 4.1. Experiment Design of Four-Electrode Method . The size of the specimens for electrical properties was 150 mm × 150 mm × 300 mm. Each group with the same mix proportion had 3 specimens for electrical property tests. The effect of W/C and sand ratio on the ...

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Types of concrete blocks | Characteristics Of .

Characteristics. The concrete block is usually available for sale in standard pieces of rectangular shape of 8 x 8 x 16 inches in dimension (approximately 20 x 20 40 cm). Usually, they are about 3 ...

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Types of Concrete & Characteristics | Concrete .

The concrete in which common ingredients i.e. aggregate, water, cement are used is known as normal concrete.It is also called normal weight concrete or normal strength concrete. It has a setting time of 30 - 90 minutes depending upon moisture in atmosphere, fineness of cement etc.

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Laboratory experiments on characteristics of .

In laboratory experiments, the hydraulic characteristics of a floating breakwater were obtained and analyzed in detail. Also, a hydraulic model test was carried out on variable changes by changing the mooring angle and thickness of the perforated wall. A hydraulic model was designed to produce wave energy by generating a vortex with the existing reflection method. Analysis of wave changes was ...

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Reinforced Cement Concrete | Advantages, Uses, .

Reinforced cement concrete (R.C.C) is the combination of ordinary concrete with the reinforcement to increase its compressive and tensile strength to a great extent. Concrete is a versatile material for modern construction which is prepared by mixing well-proportioned quantities of cement (even lime in some cases), sand, crushed rock or gravel, and water .

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10 Properties of Concrete and their Uses - The .

2. Compressive strength of concrete. Like load, the strength of the concrete is also a quality which varies considerably for the same concrete mix. Therefore, a single representative value, known as characteristic strength is used. Also Read: Compressive strength of concrete cubes. 3. Characteristic strength of concrete

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Cement Content - an overview | ScienceDirect .

Phil Bamforth, in Advanced Concrete Technology, 2003. Low-heat concretes. Low heat means a low cement content mix or the use of a cement with low-heat generating characteristics. There is now considerable evidence supporting the beneficial use of composite cements (Portland cement blended with either pfa or ggbs) in large-volume pours (see section 13.4).

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Tests on cement and concrete - particle size, .

CONCRETE. Chemical characteristics. Sample attack; Single chemical determination; Sulphates – gravimetric determination; Total sulphur; Organic substances; pH of the mix; Determination of the Portland-cement content of hardened hydraulic-cement concrete – ASTM C 1084-10; Phisical and mechanical characteristics. Sieve; Compressive strength; Bending strength ; Surface texture ...

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Effect of Laser Speed on Cutting Characteristics .

21.06.2018 · The experimental variables were laser speed, water to cement ratio, and material compositions including cement paste, cement mortar, and ultra high-performance concrete (UHPC). In order to evaluate the mass removal mechanisms of cement-based materials under laser interactions, the effect of laser cutting was evaluated in terms of kerf width, penetration depth, and chemical .

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The Characteristics of Boron Modified Active Belite (BAB ...

of the technical characteristics of the BAB cement are very noticeable. In this paper, by using boron modified active belite (BAB) and normal Portland cement, produced in Goltas Cement Factory, some chemical, physical and mechanical tests were carried out to investigate characteristics of the cement and concrete phases and evaluate the results in this first part of the research. In the second ...

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ASTM Types of Cement - Characteristics and .

Characteristics. Used for general purpose. Available widely . Used where concrete is not subjected to specific exposures such as sulphate attacks from soil or water or to an objectionable temperature rise due to heat of hydration. Suitable for all uses e.g pavement, sidewalk, R.C buildings, bridges, water tanks, culverts, sewers etc. This type of cement reaches its design strength in 28 days ...

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Strength Characteristics Of Concrete Made With Rice Husk ...

characteristic of concrete made by replacing both the cement content and coarse aggregate at the same time. This research will be a major breakthrough in Nigeria particularly in the Niger Delta area because the research materials Rice husk and Periwinkle shell are waste materials, which are abundant in the area waiting for disposal. Such concrete therefore will be unprecedentedly very cheap as ...

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Properties of Cement- Physical & Chemical - Civil .

Cement mortar strength and cement concrete strength are not directly related. Cement strength is merely a quality control measure. The tests of strength are performed on cement mortar mix, not on cement paste. Cement gains strength over time, so the specific time of performing the test should be mentioned. Compressive Strength . It is the most common strength test. A test specimen (50mm) is ...

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Characteristics of Concrete

Characteristics of Concrete 9-1 Chapter 9 Characteristics of Concrete Concrete is a stone-like material that forms when a carefully proportioned mixture of cement, FA, CA, and water harden into the specific shape or dimension of a structure. Most of the material in concrete is FA and CA, and cement and water interact to bind the aggregates into a solid mass. By adjusting the proportions of the ...

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Cement Types and Characteristics of Cements - .

Type I cement • It is a general-purpose cement used in concrete for making pavements, floors, reinforced concrete buildings, bridges, tanks, pipes, etc. • It is used in concrete not subjected to aggressive exposures, such as sulfate attack from soil and water, or to an objectionable temperature rise. Type II cement

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DURABILITY CHARACTERISTICS OF PORTLAND .

The concrete can be strong but not durable especially when it is subjected to chemical aggressive environments. This research therefore assessed the durability characteristics of Portland/cement volcanic ash concrete exposed to chemically aggressive environments. Preliminary tests of the different properties of materials used for this research ...

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